Release time : 2015-06-15 10:04:12
NSK Ltd. (NSK; Headquarters: Tokyo, Japan; President & CEO: Norio Otsuka) today announced the development of a robot able to assist people with mobility challenges, guiding them along a path of their choice while avoiding obstacles.
A wheeled robot newly developed by NSK bearing can help mobility challenged users travel over flat surfaces, inclines and slightly uneven surfaces. Interpreting human intentions via subtle changes in force applied to hand grips that support the user, the robot autonomously selects and follows an obstacle-free path.
Integrating innovations in drive technology, visual-recognition technology and interface technology, this experimental robotic aid to human mobility points the way to future alternatives to wheelchairs, seeing-eye dogs and nursing assistants. It was on display at the International Robot Exhibition 2009, held at Tokyo
Big Site from November 25 to 28.
Finding and following an obstacle-free path
To guide the user along a clear path, the robot uses laser range sensors to detect obstacles. As obstacles are detected, the robot calculates the virtual repulsive force1 according to their distance and direction. Command values from the user are then automatically modified according to the anticipated effect of that repulsive force.
1 Repulsive force: The force by which objects repel one another.
Smooth, intuitive operation
The robot interprets the user's intended direction and high speed bearings through pressure exerted on the hand grips in an intuitive way: push harder to go faster; push right to turn right. Processing is performed to eliminate any adverse effect caused by differences in the movement of user and robot as force is applied. This allows the robot to understand instructions precisely and respond smoothly.
Mobility over inclines and uneven surfaces
With independent two-wheel drive and an active caster mechanism, the robot can handle inclines and uneven surfaces. Background to development
With many countries now facing the implications of a rapidly aging society, the challenge is to find new solutions that enable people to live not only longer but better. Having developed rapidly in recent years through cross-fertilization with other fields (such as IT), robotic technology is now poised to make a significant contribution.
Until now, NSK's ball bearings involvement in robotics has focused on the supply of components such as bearings, linear guides and ball screws. So the introduction of a new human-assisting robot marks an important step forward. By exploring the uses of its core products to their fullest extent, NSK hopes to make an important contribution toward meeting a critical social need, and to advance its knowledge of core robotics technologies.
NSK will continue working to identify underlying issues in this field, engaging its four core technologies tribology, materials, analysis and mechatronics to create robotic solutions to real human needs.